History of pizza
By duration, the history of pizza can be compared with the history of mankind. Baking pastry with filling filled the beginning with the favorite pizza. But all the same the first prerequisites for the appearance of pizza can be seen in the Ancient Greeks, who first began to bake large, round and flat bread, which they generously greased with oil, seasoned with spices, herbs and all sorts of dishes. In those early days, tomatoes were not yet discovered, or more likely, simply not used in cooking.
Pizza has long been considered the food of the poor. So, after the appearance of tomatoes, considered to be poisonous for the first time, they fell on the table to the poor, who began to add them to various dishes.
In Naples, a new vegetable was decided to be used as a filling. Olive oil is smeared with a thin cake, filled with filling, tomatoes are put on top and everything is baked on wood. The dish became popular among the Neapolitan seamen, artisans and peasants.
In the 17th century, special masters of "pizzaioli" and the first pizzerias appeared.
But not only poor people loved to taste the favorite food, Maria Caroline, who is the wife of the King of Naples, Ferdinand IV, was so addicted to her that she forced her special oven in her residence to prepare pizza as a treat for guests.
It is said that, in 1889, while making a trip around the country, Queen Margarita, accompanying her husband Umberto I arrived in Naples. There she was so impressed by a lot of people who eagerly eat some cakes that she wanted to try. Prepare an order was invited to the famous pizza-joli Rafaele Esposito. Wishing to please her Majesty, the master made three dishes with different fillings. One of them, with red tomatoes, mozzarella cheese (white), green basilica, reminiscent of its coloring Italian flag, liked the queen. As a result, Rafaello received a royal thank you letter, and the world came the refined Italian "Margarita". Although there are people claiming that this is another legend about your favorite culinary masterpiece.
Distribution of pizza around the world
At the beginning of the 20th century, the first pizzeria opened in New York, but it gained its maximum popularity only after the Second World War.
In America, there is a pizza with high edges and a lot of filling, and in Japan, a lot of demand is used for sprinkling with tuna flakes. Each country brings something of its own, increasing the already huge number of recipes. To ensure that the pizza from the delicate dough retains its national characteristics, the Italian government introduced a special sign of cooking quality - D.O.C., which specifies the methods of making the dough, and baking is possible exclusively on wood.
Therefore, try the properly prepared Italian pizza only in a well-equipped pizzeria.